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SZERELMES ANGOL - Mariah Carey harmadik eljegyzése & EXTRA DATING, LOVE AND RELATIONSHIPS szószedet!

2016. január 26. - EnglishOnline

Angol tanulás online és offline, akárhol vagy bárhol! English-Online.hu :) Nyelvtanulás és szórakozás egy helyen!

70+ angol kifejezés randizással

és szerelmi kapcsolatokkal

Valentin-napi előzetes:

A 70+ szerelmi ANGOL kifejezés közül ízelítő: leszólítani és felszedni valakit, járni valakivel, lemondani egy randit, áradozni valakiről, ő (nem) a zsánerem/esetem, szerelem első látásra, elpirulni, az Igazi, megkérni egy nő kezét, gyermeket várni, féltékenynek lenni, nőcsábász ÉS MÉG RENGETEG MÁS ITT!

 

szerelmes_angol.png

"Can't Buy Me Love"?!

Wedding bells will soon be ringing for Mariah Carey and James Packer!

E! News has exclusively learned that she is engaged to the Australian billionaire businessman after a fairy tale romance.

Mariah's future hubby popped the big question in her hometown tonight, and he presented her with what can only be described as the most breathtaking engagement ring.

We're told that Mariah's new diamond bling comes in at around 35 carats and that no wedding date has been set just yet.

It should come as no surprise James got down on one knee for the multi-Grammy Award winner. Their love affair began just under a year ago and from the moment they started dating, "they fell head over heels in love with one another, " says an insider. "It's crazy how perfect they are together, they both know it and couldn't be happier."

The couple has been friends since 2014; first met at a movie premiere in Aspen. As Mariah told Steve Harvey in November, "We were talking and laughing and people were getting mad at us and stuff like that. So, we hit it off." Harvey noted that James was a "lucky" guy, to which the singer replied, "I'm lucky, too."

"As soon as their friendship turned romantic, they have wanted to spend every moment together," says a source. "They have a connection that is unparalleled; it's been a very beautiful experience for them both. If you spend even five minutes with them, you can't help but believe in true love."

As for why they work so well. Says our insider: "They are just very cute together, they like doing sweet things for one another. They want to make each other happy."

Over the past ten months, the jet-setting pair has been on a whirlwind schedule of romantic dates spanning all over the world, from Ibiza to St Bart's to Italy and even to Packer's homeland of Australia, where they rang in the New Year with his mom at the Melbourne Crown casino, which he owns. As she took to the stage, Mariah couldn't help but gush about her love: "Spectacular, handsome ... I don't even have words for the man who introduced me tonight. We'll just say the amazing Mr. James Packer."

The most meaningful of their trips came at the end of June 2015, when James took Mariah to the Western Wall in Israel. An insider told E! at the time, "There is only one place at the Western Wall where men and woman can stand together and it was meaningful for him to take her there so that they could share this very intimate moment as a couple."

Another source added, "It was more a spiritual journey then anything. He is aware Carey has the world at her fingertips but he likes to find things that she has never experienced."

Next month, Mariah will start the third leg of her sell out Las Vegas residency at Caesars Palace, before embarking on a world tour. James is expected to join her for most of her dates as well as continue working on his philanthropy work (he is currently on track to donate $200 million to charities in just 10 years).

This will be the third marriage for both. Mariah is mom to 4-year-old twins, son Moroccan Cannon and daughter Monroe Cannon, with Nick Canon, while James has three children: Indigo Packer, 7, Jackson Packer, 5 and Emmanuelle Packer, 3.

MARIAH'S THIRD ENGAGEMENT STORY

wedding bells ring= esküvői harangok szólnak

to be engaged to= el van jegyezve valakivel

romance= románc, szerelem

hubby= férjecske

popped the question= megkérte a kezét

engagement ring= eljegyzési gyűrű

diamond bling= gyémánt csecsebecse

wedding date= esküvői dátum

to get down on one knee for= letérdel valaki elé

love affair= szerelmi viszony

to fall head over heels in love with= fülig szerelmes lesz valakibe

one another= egymást

to hit it off= összebarátkozik, összehaverkodik

lucky= szerencsés

their friendship turned romantic= szerelemmé változott a barátságuk

to spend every moment together= minden percet együtt tölteni

connection= gyengéd érzelem, kötődés, vonzalom, kapocs

very beautiful experience= gyönyörű élmény

true love= igaz szerelem

they work so well= olyan jól működik a kapcsolatuk, annyira összeillenek

cute= cuki, édes

sweet things= kedvességek

one another= egymást

to make each other happy= boldoggá teszik egymást

pair= párocska

romantic dates= romantikus randik

to gush about= áradozik, ömleng valakiről

handsome= jóképű, helyes (pasi)

spectacular= káprázatos

amazing= lenyűgöző, elbűvölő

meaningful= jelentőségteljes

to take somebody to= valahová elvinni valakit

to share this very intimate moment= osztozni ezen az intim pillanaton

couple= pár

to join somebody= csatlakozni valakihez, vele menni

the third marriage for both= mindkettejük harmadik házassága

to be mom to= anyja valakinek

to have children= vannak gyerekei

 

EXTRA: MÉG 45 KIFEJEZÉS SZERELMI KAPCSOLATOKKAL

EVEN MORE LOVE & RELATIONSHIPS EXPRESSIONS' GLOSSARY

 

love_is_all_you_need.png

 

1. to ask somebody out= elhívni valakit randira

2. to chat somebody up= leszólítani valakit

3. to turn somebody down= elutasítani valakit

4. to pick somebody up= felszedni valakit

5. to get together= összejönni valakivel

6. to go out with somebody= járni valakivel

7. to be in a relationship= szerelmi kapcsolatban lenni

8. to date somebody= randizni valakivel

9. to cancel a date= lemondani egy randit

10. to be my type= a zsánerem/esetem

11. to be attracted to somebody= vonzódni valakihez

12. to have chemistry= megvan a kémia/vonzalom

13. to feel the spark= vonzalmat érez, megvan a szikra

14. love at first sight= szerelem első látásra

15. to flirt= flörtölni

16. to tease= cukkolni, flörtölve viccelődni valakivel

17. to walk hand in hand= kéz a kézben sétálni

18. to have a crush on somebody= bele van esve valakibe

19. to be hot= dögös, szexi

20. to blush= elpirulni

21. to fall in love with somebody= beleszeretni valakibe

22. to be crazy/madly in love= őrülten szerelmesnek lenni

23. to have butterflies in one's stomach= remeg a gyomra

24. to turn somebody on= felizgatni valakit

25. to hook up/ have sex with somebody= lefeküdni valakivel

26. to make love to somebody= szeretkezni valakivel

27. a one night stand= egyéjszakás kaland

28. a friend with benefits= barátság extrákkal

29. to play hard to get= nem adja könnyen magát

30. The One / Mr Right / Miss Right= az Igazi

31. a soul mate= lelki társ

32. to get married= összeházasodni

33. to go on honeymoon= nászútra menni

34. to be pregnant= terhesnek lenni

35. to expect a baby= gyermeket várni

36. to give birth to= szülni

37. to be faithful/loyal/true= hűségesnek lenni

38. to be jealous of somebody= féltékenynek lenni

39. to cheat on somebody= megcsalni valakit

40. a womanizer= nőcsábász

41. a maneater= férfifaló

42. to be heartbroken= szerelmi bánata van

43. to break/split up= szakítani

44. to separate= szétmenni, különköltözni

45. to get divorced= elválni

+1: to remarry= újraházasodni

 

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SON of SAUL - Official Cannes Film Festival Interview + Auschwitz & filmes szószedet + szövegértés feladat

Angol tanulás online és offline, akárhol vagy bárhol! English-Online.hu :) Nyelvtanulás és szórakozás egy helyen!

"Eldöntöttük, már jóval a forgatás előtt, hogy  ragaszkodni fogunk egyfajta dogmához: a filmnek nem szabad szépnek lennie, a film nem lehet tetszetős, nem készíthetünk horror filmet...Saul nézőpontjánál maradni egyet jelent azzal, hogy nem lépünk túl az ő látóterén vagy azon, amit ő hall, a jelenlétén...a kamera az útitársa és vele marad mindvégig ebben a pokolban" (Nemes Jeles László)

Hivatalos Cannes interjú angolul Nemes Lászlóval, készítette: Antoine de Baecque.

SZÖVEGÉRTÉS FELADAT: Az interjú elolvasása után állapítsd meg, hogy a szöveg végén található állítások igazak (TRUE) vagy hamisak (FALSE).

A segítő Auschwitz+Movie Making szószedetet szintén a szöveg végén találod.

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How did the idea for SON OF SAUL come to you?
When we were making A londoni férfi (The Man from London), in Bastia, the shoot was interrupted for a week and in a bookstore I found a book of eyewitness accounts published by the Shoah Memorial called Des Voix sous la cendre (Voices from beneath the Ashes), also known as “The scrolls of Auschwitz.” It’s a book of texts written by former Sonderkommando members from the extermination camps who had buried and hidden their written testimonies before the rebellion in 1944. The actual documents were found years later. They describe their daily tasks, how the work was organized, the rules by which the camp was run and Jews exterminated, as well as how they put together a certain form of resistance.
What was the Sonderkommando? What did its members do?
They were prisoners chosen by the SS to escort new transports of prisoners to the gas chamber buildings, to get them to undress, reassure them and lead them into the gas chambers. After, they would remove and burn the corpses all the while cleaning the space. And it all had to be accomplished very quickly because other prisoner convoys were already on the way. Auschwitz-Birkenau functioned like a factory producing and eliminating corpses on an industrial scale. In the summer of 1944, it was running at full capacity: historians estimate that several thousand Jews were assassinated there every day. During the course of their mission, the Sonderkommandos were given a relatively preferential treatment. They were allowed to take food found in the transports and, within the confines of their perimeter, have a relative freedom of movement. But the task they were assigned was grueling and they were regularly eliminated every three or four months by the SS in order to ensure that there were no witnesses to the extermination.
Was your family affected by the Shoah?
A part of my family was assassinated in Auschwitz. It was something we talked about every day. When I was little, I had the impression that “evil had been done.” I imagined it like a black hole burrowed within us; something had broken, and my inability to grasp exactly what it was kept me isolated. I didn’t understand for many years. Then, the time came for me to reconnect with that specific part of my family’s history.
Why did you choose to use the Sonderkommando accounts?
I have always found movies about the camps frustrating. They attempt to build stories of survival and heroism, but in my mind they are in fact recreating a mythical conception of the past. The Sonderkommando accounts are on the contrary concrete, present and tangible. They precisely describe, in the here and now, the “normal” functioning of a death factory, with its organization, its rules, work cadences, shifts, hazards, and its maximum productivity. In fact, the SS used the word “Stück “ (“parts”) when speaking about corpses. Corpses were produced in that factory. These accounts allowed me to see it all through the eyes of the extermination camps’ damned.
But how do you go about telling a story, a fictional story, from within the middle of a fully functioning extermination camp?
That was problematic, indeed. I didn’t want to make a hero of anyone; I didn’t want the survivor’s point of view, nor did I want to show all or even too much of this death factory. I just wanted an angle that would be specific, pared down, and to tell a story as simple and archaic as possible. I chose the viewpoint of a man, Saul Ausländer, a Hungarian Jew, member of the Sonderkommando, and I strictly upheld this position: I show what he sees, no more and no less. Yet it isn’t a “subjective stance,” because we see him as a character and I didn’t want to reduce the film to a purely visual approach. That would have been artificial. Aesthetics, any exercise in style or virtuosity needed to be avoided. Moreover, this man is the point of origin of a unique, obsessive and primitive story: he believes he has recognized his son among the gas chamber victims and is henceforth determined to save his body from the ovens, find a rabbi to say Kaddish and bury him. Everything he does is defined by this mission, which seems utterly pointless in the context of the hell on earth that is the extermination camp. The film concentrates on one point of view and one person’s line of action, which allows the character to come across other points of view and other actions. The camp, however, is perceived through the prism of Saul’s journey.
Much research and documentation must have gone into making this film, a veritable historian’s approach…
My co-screenwriter, Clara Royer, and I learned together. We read other eyewitness accounts, from Shlomo Venezia and Filip Müller, but also that of Miklós Nyiszli, a Hungarian Jewish doctor who was assigned to the crematoriums. Then of course there was Claude Lanzmann’s Shoah, in particular the Sonderkommando sequences, including the Abraham Bomba account, which remains a reference. Finally, we received the very helpful support of historianslike Gideon Greif, Philippe Mesnard and Zoltán Vági.
Did you forbid yourself anything?
I didn’t want to have to show the face of horror openly, or to recreate the atrocity by going into the gas chambers while people were dying. The film strictly follows Saul’s movements. So we stop at the door of the gas chamber and enter only after the extermination in order to remove the bodies and wash away any traces of what occurred there in preparation for the next group. These missing images are those of death; images that can’t be reconstructed, and shouldn’t be touched or manipulated. Because it is important for me to stay with Saul’s point of view, I only show what he sees; what he pays attention to. He’s been working in the crematorium for four months: as a protective reflex, he no longer notices the horror, and so I relegated the horror to the background, blurred or off screen. Saul only sees the object of his quest; this provides the film with its visual rhythm.
How did you film it?
The cinematographer, Mátyás Erdély, the production designer, László Rajk and I decided well before the shoot that we would stick to a sort of dogma: “the film cannot look beautiful,” “the film cannot look appealing,” “we cannot make a horror film,” “staying with Saul means not going beyond his own field of vision, hearing, and presence,” “the camera is his companion, it stays with him throughout this hell.” We also wanted to use traditional 35mm film and photochemical processing at every stage. It was the only way to maintain a certain instability in the images, and thus be able to film this world organically. The challenge was to strike an emotional chord in the audience – something that digital doesn’t allow for. All of this implied a lighting technique that was diffused, industrial and as simple as possible. It also required filming with the same lens, a 40mm, a restricted aspect ratio, and not something like scope which widens one’s field of vision. We had to always remain at the character’s eye level and stay with him.
Saul wears a jacket with a big red cross on the back…
Yes, it’s a target. The SS used it to make it easier to shoot men who tried to escape. For us, it was a visual target for the camera.
Did you have any other films in mind?
Idi i smotri (Come and see) by Elem Klimov (1985) was a great source of inspiration for me. The movie follows a boy in 1943 on the Eastern front and stays with him in an organic manner through his hellish adventures. But Klimov allowed himself far more baroque things than we did. In the movie’s first scene, everything is a blur and then a face suddenly appears - it is Saul’s. He appears out of nowhere. My first short film, With a Little Patience, starts like that as well. The audience, who sees him spring up, understands immediately that he’s the one they’ll be following throughout the film. We did a lot of work with the actors on their body language. Camp rules, and what is required for survival impose very specific body movements: to always look down, never look a SS in the eye; to walk taking small, regular, but swift steps; take off your hat to salute and don’t talk or, if you must, answer clearly, in German.
We quickly understand that there are several contradictory dynamics at play in the camp: submission to the SS, solidarity among Sonderkommando members, but also tension, rivalry, and the organization of a resistance.
Naturally, several standpoints exist within this horror, ranging from renouncement to resistance. And there are several ways to resist. In the film, we witness an attempted rebellion, which in fact took place in 1944, the only armed revolt in the history of Auschwitz. As for Saul, he chooses another form of revolt, which may seem irrelevant in this context. In following his personal quest, Saul is led to navigate between these different behaviors: recovering the boy’s body takes him to the autopsy rooms where he finds the doctors and anatomists. Looking for a rabbi brings him to come across other Sonderkommando groups and convoys of Jews headed for death. Circulating through the camp eventually leads him to take the same path as the resistance members. He sees all of this in snatches, and the audience too must try and understand by piecing together the fragments. No one has all the elements in hand; everyone has fragments with which they attempt to construct their vision of the whole.
At some point, Saul comes across members of the resistance who are trying to photograph the extermination process.
Something that was strictly forbidden by the SS, of course. In Birkenau, the Polish resistance was able to get one or a few cameras to the Sonderkommando in order to document the extermination. At unbelievably great risk, they were able to take a photograph just before the doors to a gas chamber were closed and then immediately afterwards: naked women approaching the shot; then their piled-up corpses, which were taken outside and burned right there on the ground.
And the four photographs shown during the Mémoire des camps [Memoir of the camps] exhibition, in 2001, four “images despite it all”? (A reference to the book by the art historian and philosopher Georges-Didi Huberman.)
These four photographs deeply affected me. They attest to the extermination, they constitute evidence, and ask essential questions. What should be done with an image? What can it represent? What viewpoint should we have when faced with death and barbarity? We integrated this moment into the heart of the film, as it corresponds to a segment of Saul’s journey through the camp when suddenly, just for a moment, he participates in the construction of our view of the extermination. And also, because of the representation of the image within itself, we are, at that point and only then, questioning the very status of representation.
Sound plays an important role in the film.
The sound designer, Tamás Zányi, who has worked on all my films, and I decided to work on a sound that was very simple, raw and yet quite complex and multidimensional. One has to be aware of the very particular sound atmosphere of these hellish factories. The multiplicity of tasks being accomplished, shouted orders, screams, and many languages were all intermingling: the German of the SS, the multiple languages spoken by the prisoners, among which was Yiddish, and those spoken by the victims who came from all over Europe. Sound can superimpose over the image, at times even taking its place, because some images are missing and rightfully so. I would compare it to diverse and sometimes contradictory layers of sound. And all this sound material needed to remain raw. It was important not to re-produce it or polish it.
Who is the person who plays Saul?
Géza Röhrig isn’t an actor, but a Hungarian writer and poet who lives in New York. I met him several years ago. He came to mind for the role probably because he is someone who is in constant motion, his facial features and his body are always changing. It is impossible to tell his age, for he is at once old and young, but also handsome and ugly; ordinary and remarkable, deep and impassive, quick-witted and slow. He moves, is given to fidgeting, but also knows how to keep silent and still. This character and your film endeavor to contrast a death ceremony and the death factory, rites and machinery, prayer and noise. When there is no longer any hope, from the deepest part of this hell, Saul’s inner voice says to him: you must survive in order to accomplish an act that bears meaning, a human, age-old, sacred meaning; a meaningful act that is at the very origin of the community of mankind and religions: paying respect to the body of the dead.

Interview by Antoine de Baecque

Reading Comprehension Task:

After reading the interview mark the sentences TRUE or FALSE.

1. A Sonderkommando's job involved burning dead bodies.
2. The director of the movie Son of Saul was inspired by family events.
3. Mr Nemes was frustrated because Holocaust movies had never had a happy ending.
4. Sonderkommandos used the word Stück for SS officers.
5. Son of Saul tells a story from a single point of view.
6. Saul thinks one of the corpses is a deceased family member.
7. The screenwriters had interviewed survivors of the extermination camps before they started shooting.
8. The movie contains a lot of disturbing scenes in the gas chambers.
9. The crew wished to shoot a film as real as possible without the improvement of pictures or sound.
10. Géza Röhrig was selected for the role because he is extremely versatile.

Auschwitz & Movie Glossary

 

to make a film= filmet készíteni
shoot, shooting= forgatás
was interrupted= félbeszakították/-tuk
eyewitness accounts= szemtanú beszámolók
ashes= hamvak
scrolls= kézirattekercsek
extermination camp= haláltábor
to bury= eltemet
testimony=tanúságtétel, tanúvallomás
rebellion= lázadás
jews= zsidók
exterminate= kiirt, kivégez, megsemmisít
resistance= ellenállás
prisoners= elítéltek
gas chamber= gázkamra
undress= levetkőzik
remove= eltávolít
burn= eléget
corpses= holttestek
prisoner convoys= rabszállítmány
factory= gyár
eliminating= felszámol, megsemmisít
on an industrial scale= ipari méretekben/volumenben
were assassinated= gyilkosság áldozatául estek, merényletet követtek el ellenük
preferential treatment= megkülönböztetett bánásmódban részesültek
were allowed to= engedélyezett volt számukra
transports= szállítmányok
freedom of movement= szabad mozgás
witnesses= szemtanúk
evil= gonoszság, gaztett, bűn
movies= filmek
survival= megmenekülés, túlélés
heroism= hősiesség
death factory= halálgyár
organization= szervezés
rules= szabályok
work cadences= munkaritmus
shifts= műszakok
hazards= kockázatok
productivity= eredményesség, termelékenység
were produced= gyártották őket
the extermination camps’ damned= a haláltábor elátkozottjai
a fictional story= kitalált történet, fikció
hero= hős
survivor’s point of view= túlélő nézőpontja
angle= szög
pared down= leszűkítve, lefaragva
viewpoint= nézőpont
subjective stance= személyes/szubjektív álláspont/nézőpont
approach= megközelítés
artificial= mű, nem igazi, csinált
needed to be avoided= kerülni kellett
victims= áldozatok
save= megment
ovens= kemencék
rabbi= rabbi
character= szereplő, karakter
veritable historian’s= valóságos történészi
co-screenwriter= társ forgatókönyvíró
was assigned to= egy feladattal meg volt bízva, egy helyre ki volt jelölve
crematoriums= krematóriumok
were dying= haldokoltak
traces= nyomok, maradványok
occurred= (meg)történt
death= halál
the horror= a borzalom
relegated sg to the background= háttérbe szorítani valamit
blurred= elhomályosítva, elmosódottan
off screen= filmvásznon kívül
to film= filmez, filmre vesz
cinematographer= operatőr
production designer=látványtervező, díszlettervező
appealing= tetszetős, attraktív
presence= jelenlét
photochemical processing= fotokémiai kidolgozás/eljárás/feldolgozás/
lighting technique= világítástechnika
diffused= diffúz, szétszórt
industrial= ipari
lens= lencse
restricted aspect ratio= behatárolt képarány/méretarány
scope= szkóp, képcső, objektív
widen= kiszélesedik
vision= látás, látótér
target= célpont
source= forrás
Eastern front= keleti font
in an organic manner= szerves módon, szervesen
hellish adventures= pokoli kalandok
appears out of nowhere= a semmiből tűnik fel
short film= kisfilm, rövidfilm
the audience= a közönség
body language= testnyelv
specific= pontos, meghatározott, bizonyos
movements= mozdulatok
look a SS in the eye=SS tiszt szemébe nézni
salute= tiszteleg
contradictory= ellentmondásos
submission= alárendeltség, engedelmeskedés, behódolás
tension= feszültség
rivalry= rivalizálás
resistance= ellenállás
renouncement=(passzív) ellenállás, engedelmesség megtagadása, lemondás
autopsy= boncolás
circulate= körbejár
path= ösvény, út, csapás
in snatches= részletekben, darabokban, töredékekben
piecing together the fragments= összerakni a részleteket
elements= elemek, részek
strictly forbidden= szigorúan tilos
piled-up= felhalmoz, halmokba rak
attest to= bizonyságot tesz valami mellett, bizonyít
image= kép
face with death= szembenéz a halállal
integrate= integrál, ötvöz
plays an important role = fontos szerepet játszik
sound designer= hangmérnök
raw= nyers
multidimensional= többdimenziós
orders= parancsok
screams= sikolyok
intermingling= összefolyik, összefonódik
superimpose over the image=egymásra filmez képeket
layers of sound= hangsávok, hangrétegek
polish=feljavít, csiszol, "kozmetikáz"
poet= költő
role= szerep
in constant motion= állandó mozgásban
facial features= arcvonások
ordinary and remarkable= hétköznapi és különleges
quick-witted= gyorseszű, gyors felfogású, eszes
fidgeting= izgés-mozgás
silent= szótlan
still= mozdulatlan
rite= rituálé, szertartás
machinery= gépeszet
prayer= ima
inner voice= belső hang
bears meaning= jelentéssel/tartalommal bír
a human= ember
sacred= szent
mankind= emberiség
religion= vallás

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Nyelvvizsga tréninget EMITT!

Szövegértést ERRE!

Listeninget? ÍME!

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English-Online.hu

GAME OF THRONES: WHICH HOUSE ARE YOU?

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Angolozz a TRÓNOK HARCA-val!

Pénzsóvár? Északi? Vérfertőző? Mindenkinek jut egy nemesi ház a Trónok Harcában! Derítsd ki hová tartozol Westerosban ezzel az egyszerű kvízzel!!

YES-NO kérdések 2 nyelven! Nagyon figyeld a számukat!

Segítő szószedet a cikk végén! Hajrá :)

Avaricious? Northern? Incestuous? There's a Game of Thrones noble house for everyone! Find out where in Westeros you fit with this simple QUIZ!

 

 

gameofthrones.jpg

START!

QUESTION#1: Have people who've not read the books heard of you?

(Hallottak rólad azok, akik nem olvasták a könyveket?)

  • YES!->GO TO Q#2  
  • NO!->GO TO Q#3

Q#2: Do you believe in finding a peaceful resolution to conflict?

(Hiszel a konfliktusok békés megoldásában?)

  • YES!->You are in House HUFFLEPUFF. In Hogwarts, you're a valuable part of the school's identity. In Westeros, you are lunch.hufflepuff.jpg
  • NO!->GO TO Q#4

Q#3: Do you like a nice glass of red wine?

(Szereted a finom vörösbort egy csinos kis kupában?)

  • YES!-> You are House REDWYNE (geddit?). Your sigil is a bunch of grapes and you really should be at a meeting.redwyne.jpg
  • NO!-> You are House MOOTON, and a touch dull. Maybe a drink would help.mooton.PNG

Q#4: Do you fancy your brother/sister?

(Tetszik a tesód? <3)

  • YES!->GO TO Q#5
  • NO!->GO TO Q#6

Q#5: Do you take an uncompromising view on the necessity of debt repayment?

(Hajlíthatatlan vagy az adósságok megfizetésének szükségessége tekintetében?)

  • YES!->You are House LANNISTER and you always pay your debts. Home to a handful of GOT's heaviest hitters namely Tywin (boo!), Jaime, Cersei and Tyrion (hurrah!). Plus Joffrey Baratheon (see incest question above).lannister1.jpg
  • NO!->You are House TARGARYEN. Generations of inbreeding have made you as mad as Clarkson, but who cares because you have dragons and, as they say in Juego de Tronos, their muy caliente, Mother, Daenerys.targaryen.png

Q#6: Ey oop! Is tha' Northern?

(Északon beszélnek így?)

  • AYE!->GO TO Q#7
  • NO!->GO TO Q#8

Q#7: Are you slightly rough around the edges, but basically likable? 

(Kissé csiszolatlan vagy, de általában véve szerethető?)

  • AYE!-> You are House STARK home to the closest thing Game of Thrones has to a decent set of coves: Ned, Catelyn, Arya, Sansa, Bran, Robb, not to mention the bastard Jon Snow. And Hodor.stark1.png
  • NO!-> You are House BOLTON, staunch believers that the family that flays together, stays together. Dead giveaway? Your "flayed man" sigil.bolton.jpg

Q#8: Are you comfortable around strong women?

(Jól érzed magad erős nők körében?)

  • YES!->GO TO Q#9
  • NO!->GO TO Q#10

Q#9: Do you have an approach to health and safety so casual it would make Qatari construction firms blush?

(Egészségtudatosságod és biztonságtechnikád láttán a Qatari építőipari cégek csak pirulnának?)

  • YES!-> You are House ARRYN. Crazy Lady Lysa may rule for her spoilt (still suckling) son, but she needs to get that enormous hole in the lounge floor sorted. Someone could have an accident with that.arryn.jpg
  • NO!->GO TO Q#11

Q#10: Can you make an exception for one woman in particular?

(Tudsz kivételt tenni, kifejezetten ha nő van a dologban?)

  • YES!-> You are House BARATHEON. From former top dog Robert to Thunderbird-puppet-headed despot Jeoffrey, Baratheon is a boys' club, except for Stannis' infatuation with Melisandre, aka The Red Woman.baratheon.png
  • NO!-> You are House FREY. Over 90 years old with seven wives and more than a hundred kids, Lord Walder Frey is arguably the most sexist git in Westeros. And there's some stiff competition for that title.frey.jpg

Q#11: Do you like mucking about on boats?

(Szeretsz hajón lófrálni?)

  • YES!->GO TO Q#12
  • NO!->GO TO Q#13

Q#12: Are you - even by Throne's standards - bastard-hard?

(Még a Trónok mércéjével mérve is kőkemény vagy?)

  • YES!->You are House GREYJOY. Those ironborn (including the rock-hard Yara/Asha) are more Grey than Joy. Notable member (no pun intended): Theon, whose torture had all male viewers crossing their legs forever.greyjoy.jpg
  • NO!->You are House TULLY. Here, under the sigil of the fish, you find Catelyn Stark, but, for a time also the annoying wandering minstrel called Marillion who has his tounge cut out. Fish? Marillion? Classic George R. R. bantz.tully.jpg

Q#13: Could your home be a venue for Gardeners' Question Time?

(Szolgálhatna az otthonod egy kertészeti interjúműsor helyszíneként?)

  • YES!->You are House TYRELL, ruling The Reach from Castle Highgarden. Here women have a monopoly on brainpower: see arch-schemer Lady Olenna and her granddaughter, Margaery.tyrell.jpg
  • NO!->You are House MARTELL, rulers of Dorne. No stained-glass ceiling for women here (the oldest heir runs things irrespective of gender) but the number one game in town is really, no really hating the Lannisters.martell.jpg
  

 

GLOSSARY

avaricious= pénzsóvár, kapzsi, szűkmarkú

incestuous= vérfertőző

noble= nemes

fit= beleillik

sigil= pecsét

geddit?= vetted?

a bunch of grapes= egy szőlőfürt

dull= tökkelütött

debt= adósság

a handful of= egy marék

namely= név szerint

incest= vérfertőzés

inbreeding= beltenyészet

mad= őrült

dragon= sárkány

caliente= hot= szexi

decent= rendes

cove= pasi

bastard= fattyú

staunch= rendíthetetlen

to flay= megnyúz

to rule= uralkodik

spoilt= elkényeztetett

suckling= csecsszopó

lounge= társalgó

to have/get sg sorted= kijavít/helyrehoz/megold

puppet-headed= bábfejű

infatuation= belehabarodás

aka=also known as= másnéven

git= marha/barom

stiff= kemény

to muck about= lófrál

ironborn= vasszülött

notable= nevezetes

no pun intended= nem szójáték

torture= kínzás

male= hím

to cross one's legs= keresztbe teszi a lábát

wandering minstrel= vándordalnok

bantz= duma

arch-schemer= fő cselszövő

stained glass= festett üveg

glass ceiling= nők érvényesülését/ambícióit limitáló láthatatlan de jelenlevő "plafon"

heir= örökös

irrespective of gender= tekintet nélkül a nemre

 

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English-Online.hu

Természeti KATASZTRÓFA szókincs és a 20+1 leggyakoribb PREPOZÍCIÓ - a report from NEPAL

Angol tanulás online és offline, akárhol vagy bárhol! English-Online.hu :) Nyelvtanulás és szórakozás egy helyen!

Szörnyű természeti katasztrófa sújtja Nepált - biztosan Te is hallottad. A New York Times egy cikkét dolgoztam fel, hogy angolul követhesd az egész világot megrázó eseményt. Miközben olvasol, átismételheted a 20+1 leggyakoribb angol prepozíciót (elöljárószót), amelyeket a megfelelő helyre kell illeszteni a szövegben. Vizsgafeladatok között gyakran találni hasonló esetet feldolgozó listeninget, readinget vagy képleírást, ezért az olvasmány végén található természeti katasztrófa szókincsnek is hasznát veheted. Megoldás a cikk végén!

Íme, a felhasználandó prepozíciók. Illeszd be őket a megfelelő helyre (20+1 db)!

about=kb., körül between=kettő között/közül off=le
after=után by*=által on=rajta,-on,-en, adott napon
along=mentén down=le to=valahová
among=több között/közül for=ideig (időben) towards=felé, irányába
as=ként in=-ban,-ben up=fel
at=-nál,-nél,-ban,-ben into=-ba,-be with=-val,-vel
away=el of**=-ból,-ből,-nak,-nek without=nélkül

 

*szenvedő szerkezetben BY után következik a cselekvő/alany

**birtokos szerkezetben a birtokot OF köti a birtokoshoz

 NEPAL REELS AS TREMORS SYMIE RESCUE

nepal1.jpg

Death toll exceeds 5,500 while thousands are forced to sleep outdoors

A growing sense of despair spread through Katmandu _________ (1)Sunday as the devastated Nepali capital was convulsed by aftershocks that sent residents screaming into the streets, where they were pelted by heavy rain.

A day _________(2) an earthquake killed more than 6,600 people and injured __________(3) 5,900 residents grew frantic and the government, entirely overwhelmed by the enormousness of the challenge facing the country, struggled to provide relief, or much hope.

Streets in parts of this city of about 1.2 million were impassable not so much from quake damage but because tents of thousands of people have taken up residence there. It was a strategy endorsed by the government.

The country's prime minister, Sushil Koirala, who was attending a conference _____________(4) Indonesia when the quake struck, had rushed back __________(5) Katmandu and was to speak to his desperate countrymen in a televised address on Sunday. But the speech was delayed, as some relief efforts have been, by strong tremors that continue to rock the country.

The already difficult situation in much of the capital, where safe shelters are scarce, was made worse Sunday when rains began to pour down on huddled masses.

It is increasingly evident that authorities here were ill equipped to rescue those trapped and would have trouble maintaining adequate supplies __________(6) water, electricity and food.

"In my neighbourhood, the police are conspicious by their absence," said Sridhar Khatri of the South Asia Center for Policy studies in Katmandu. "There is not even a show of force to deter vandalism, which some reports say is on the rise."

On Sunday, the government began setting ____________(7) 16 relief stations across Katmandu and the rest of the country while rescue operations continued. The relief stations are expected  to ease distribution of water, food and medicine, said Laxmi Prasad Dhakal, a spokesman at the Ministry of Home Affairs.

Electricity has been intermittent at best in Katmandu, and absent entirely in other parts of Nepal, but that is not wholly unusual in a country where nighttime blackouts are routine.

Many hotels, commercial buildings and wealthy homes in the capital have their own generators. But nearly all of the country's gas and diesel supplies are brought in from India, and with traffic reduced to a crawl _________(8) major highways, those supplies could dwindle quickly. Some gas stations in Katmandu have already run dry; others are rationing their remaining supplies.

Thousands of Katmandu's residents squatted on streets throughout the city either because their homes were destroyed or continued aftershocks, including one of magnitude 6.7, left them too afraid to go back inside. Other residents were camping out in schools, school playgrounds and government offices.

The goverment announced that schools would remain closed ____________(9) at least five days and it pleaded with government workers to help in local rescue efforts in place of their usual jobs.

Stephen Groves, who lives in Katmandu, said he was inspecting a building for cracks when the biggest of many aftershocks hit, leading to terrified screams from those nearby.

"The whole time I was thinking if the building next to me was going to come ___________(10) on top of me," Mr Groves said in an email. "People here are in panic, and every aftershock contributes to that. They are not going indoors, they are staying in the roads and in open areas. Many are searching for family members.

Mr. Groves said he went to a hospital in the capital on Saturday, where hordes of people were lying on the ground outside the building, many __________(11) intravenous drips hooked up to their arms and shocked looks on their faces.

The city was awash with rumors that the worst aftershocks were yet to come and with fears of greater destruction in the countryside, large swaths of which remained unreachable by phone.

Subhash Ghimire, the editor in chief of Nepalese newspaper Republica, said he managed to reach his father in his village, home to about 3,000 people near the epicenter in the Gorkha district. "He said not a single house is left in our village, including our own house," Mr. Ghimire said.

nepal2.jpg

On Mount Everest, helicopter rescue operation began Sunday morning to bring wounded climbers ___________(12) the mountain, where at least 18 climbers were killed and another 41 injured, making the earthquake the deadliest event in the mountain's history. Three Americans were ____________(13) those killed, according to the State Department.

Aftershocks and small avalanches throughout the day Sunday continued to plague the nearly 800 people staying at the mountain base camp and at higher elevation camps.

After posting on Twitter that he was "fairly safe but stuck" _________(14) the base camp, a climber, Jim Davidson, then provided a more alarming update from Camp 1, which is above the base camp. "Just had our biggest aftershock yet here at C1 on Everest. Smaller than original quake but glacier shook & avalanches," he wrote.

Nick Talbot, 39, was attempting to be the first person with cystic fibrosis to climb Mount Everest when a 100- to 200-yard wall of ice and snow came barreling toward him.

"I ran __________(15)" he said in an interview. "I thought, there's no chance I can get away. I just had my socks on. It knocked me ____________(16) the rocks. I got up and it knocked me over again." he said. He was evacuated ___________(17) helicopter Sunday afternoon. He returned ____________(18) anything but the clothes he was wearing. All of his belongings were buried by the avalanche.

"I'm sure there will have been many fatalities just because the scale of it," he said.

Tulasi Prasad Gautam, director general of Nepal's Tourism Department, said he feared that continued aftershocks had trapped more climbers. In addition to the dead and injured, nearly 25 climbers who had been en route Saturday to Camp 2 from Camp 1 are missing.

"Actually, the tents are still there for some 20 to 25 climbers who were heading __________(19) Camp 2 in the course of climbing practice, but they are not in contact", Mr Gautam said.

In a blog post Sunday, Eric Simonson of International Mountain Guides said the news from the Everest base camp "was quite bleak", and tha the company's encampment "has been turned into a triage center, and our big dining tents are now being used _________(20) hospital tents."

"The tons and tons of falling ice going this vertical distance created a huge aerosol avalanche and accompanying air blast," he wrote. "It is worth noting that over many expeditions we have never seen an avalanche from this area that was even remotely of this scale."

Susan Parker-Burns, a spokeswoman from the United States Embassy in Nepal, said in an email Sunday that a rescue and relief team from the United States Agency for International Development was dispatched by military transport to Nepal, and they would arrive on Monday.

Also Sunday, the Israeli military said that it was preparing to send Boeing 747s carrying 260 aid workers and more than 90 tons of cargo to Katmandu. About 600 Israelis are believed to be in Nepal, a popular destination for young backpackers after their compulsory military service. Magen David Adom, Israel's national emergency medical response organization, had already sent an advance team of 10 paramedics and two doctors to Nepal.

Nepal will most likely require significant help. The country's existing political discord is likely to hamper rescue and rebuilding efforts. The government has been barely functional for more than a decade, with politicians of just about every stripe fighting over the scraps of the increasingly desperate economy. A 10-year civil war _________ (21) Maoist parties and the government ended in 2006, but the resulting Constituent Assembly spent four years trying to write a constitution without success. Paralysis ensued until elections in November 2013 led to the unexpected rout of the previously dominant Maoists.

Nepal's people had already become exhausted with the political paralysis, but those feelings could turn explosive if relief and rescue efforts fail in the coming weeks, analysts said. The fear of just such an outcome could spur an intense international relief effort, as an odd collection of countries - including China, India and the United States - were already cooperating on pushing Nepal's polititians toward compromise.

(Adapted from The New York Times)

nepal.jpg

TERMÉSZETI KATASZTRÓFA SZÓKINCS

to reel= megremeg, támolyog

tremor= remegés, rengés

rescue= mentés

death toll= halálesetek száma(data)

despair= kétségbeesés

devastated= elpusztított, feldúlt, tönkretett

aftershocks= utórengések, utórezgések

to scream= sikít

to pelt= ver(eső)

earthquake= földrengés

to injure= megsebesít

to grow frantic= kétségbeejtővé válik

to struggle= küzd, erőfeszítéseket tesz

relief= segítség, segély, enyhítés, megkönnyebbülés

impassable= járhatatlan

damage= kár

to strike= lecsap, lesújt

desperate= kétségbeesett

to rock= megráz

shelter= menedék

to pour= zuhog, ömlik, szakad (eső)

huddled= összeverődött, összezavarodott, összecsődült

masses= tömegek

ill equipped= nincs felszerelkezve

trapped= csapdába esett

trouble= probléma, gond

supply= ellátás

vandalism= garázdálkodás, vandalizmus

relief station= mentőállomás, segélyállomás

rescue operations= mentőakciók

to ease= megkönnyít

distribution= (szét)osztás

medicine= gyógyszer

to be absent= nincs, hiányzik

blackout= áramszünet

crawl= vánszorgás

to run dry= kiszárad, kiürül

to squat= lakást foglal (jogtalanul)

crack= repedés

terrified= hálára rémült

to be in panic= pánikban van

intravenous drips= intravénás infúzió

shocked looks= sokkos kifejezés/ábrázat

destruction= pusztítás

wounded= (meg)sebesült

injured= sérült

the deadliest= a legtöbb halálos áldozatot követelő

avalanches= lavinák

to plague= (csapással) sújt

safe= biztonságban

stuck= megrekedt

alarming= vészjósló, fenyegető, aggasztó

glacier= gleccser

cystic fibrosis= cisztás fibrózis

to barrel= egyenesen felé zúdul

to get away= elmenekül

to knock= taszít, lök, bevág

rocks= sziklák

to be evacuated= evakuálják

to bury= betemet

fatalities= halálesetek

the dead= a halottak

tents= sátrak

bleak= kietlen, kopár

air blast= szélroham, széllökés

of this scale= ilyen méretű

aid worker= segélyszervezeti ellátó személyzet

emergency= sürgősségi

paramedics= rohammentősök

to turn explosive= fellobban, felrobban

to fail= kudarcot vall, sikertelennek bizonyul

effort= erőfeszítés, igyekezet, fáradozás

 

KEY:
1.ON 2.AFTER 3.ABOUT 4.IN 5.TO 6.OF 7.UP 8.ALONG 9.FOR 10.DOWN 11.WITH 12.OFF 13.AMONG 14.AT 15.AWAY 16.INTO 17.BY 18.WITHOUT 19.TOWARDS 20.AS 21.BETWEEN

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English-Online.hu

UK: MINDEN(KI) KÉSZ?! - A KIS HERCEGNŐ SZÜLETÉSE ELŐTTI UTOLSÓ PILLANATOK! (feleletválasztós teszt)

Angol tanulás online és offline, akárhol vagy bárhol! English-Online.hu :) Nyelvtanulás és szórakozás egy helyen!

Feleletválasztós feladat, amivel elfoglalhatod magad, míg végre megszületik

Kate és William második gyermeke!

Felcsigázott várakozás és a születendő hercegnő nevére vonatkozó találgatások jellemzik Katalin hercegnő terhességének utolsó napjait. A királyi udvar katonás rendben várja a trónörökös George kishúgának érkezését, mindent magas szinten megszerveztek már az udvarban a fogadtatására. Rengetegen magas összegekkel fogadnak arra, hogy nevezik majd el. Szerinted Elisabeth lesz vagy Alice? Esetleg valami más? Találgatás közben oldd meg ezt a királyi gyermekáldás előkészületeiről szóló feleletválasztós (multiple choice) feladatot! Mire végzel, már itt is a baby!

katebefore2nd.jpg

As speculation grows about the royal baby name William and Kate plan for the imminent arrival of the second child with military precision

The _______(1) of Cambrige was adjusting to life as the new boy last week as he started training for his post as an air ambulance helicopter __________(2) in Norfolk. Prince William is taking part in the mandatory programme before he can take to the skies as a fully fledged member of East Anglian Air Ambulance Service.

That he's carrying out his training now is a __________(3) indicator that Prince William is also on a mission to get his affairs in order before _________(4) on his other new role this month- that of a father of __________(5). Indeed, it is with the precision one might expect of a former military officer that he has arranged these ________(6) weeks leading up to the birth of his second __________(7).

William started his air-ambulance training just three days after a radiant ___________(8) of Cambridge, having completed a packed schedule of official engagements in recent weeks, began her well-earned __________(9) leave.

___________(10) the baby has arrived, it will be the Duke's turn to take some time out - a ___________(11) for Bond Air Services, William's employer, said he will be entitled to paternity _________(12). It is expected he will take the allotted two weeks, during which time he'll only be responding to daddy __________(13).

The fact that William is currenly posted at Norwich - around 40 miles __________(14) the couple's country house Anmer Hall, _________(15) Kate is expected to spend most of her time both now and once the baby has ________(16) - means he can be on hand _________(17) his wife as the big day approaches - another example _________(18) his stategic planning.

willambulancepilot.jpg

THE NAME GAME

No __________(19) the Duke has also been thinking about baby names - and he's not the only one. After weeks of Elisabeth being clear ____________(20) for a girl, last week the betting changed ____________(21), with a surge of wagers on Alice.

_____________(22) William Hill slashed the name's odds from 14-1 to 2-1 after "a significant number of _____________(23)" on the name, particularly in the Tonbridge area of Kent.

"One punter has had 500 pounds on Kate _____________(24) her girl Alice," spokesman Rupert Adams tells newspapers.. "We believe the link could be that Kate wrote a dissertation __________(25) Lewis Carroll ________(26) university and of course, his most famous book was Alice in _________(27).

There have been a number of Alices in the royal family since the 19th century, including the second daughter of Queen Victoria and the wife of the _________(28) Duke of Gloucester, the Queen's uncle.

Meanwhile, police __________(29) planning to erect barriers outside the Lindo Wing of London's St Mary's Hospital, where Kate ____________(30) birth to Prince George in 2013, from mid-April for the world's press.

lindo.jpg

/Adapted from the British Press/

1. a) Prince b) Duke c) King

2. a) captain b) driver c) pilot

3. a) clear b) clean c) nice

4. a) take b) took c) taking

5. a) both b) two c) twice

6. a) latest b) late c) final

7. a) child b) children c) heir

8. a) Queen b) Princess c) Duchess

9. a) mother's b) Godmother's c) maternity

10. a) Once b) First c) One time

11. a) speaker b) presenter c) spokesman

12. a) time b) leave c) holiday

13. a) duties b) orders c) calls

14. a) from b) of c) away

15. a) which b) when c) where

16. a) born b) came c) arrived

17. a) with b) to c) for

18. a) of b) for c) to

19. a)wonder b) fear c) doubt

20. a) favourite b) popular c) fashionable

21. a) unluckily b) suddenly c) lately

22. a) Bookmark b) Bookworm c) Bookmaker

23. a) bets b) guesses c) clues

24. a) naming b) calling c) asking

25. a) of b) about c) on

26. a) for b) in c) at

27. a) Wonderworld b) Wonderland c) Wonderfield

28. a) late b) lately c) later

29. a) is b) are c) has been 

30. a) has b) gave c) brought

Hajrá! (Még NE nézd meg a megoldókulcsot!)

 

KEY:

1. a 2. c 3. a 4. c 5. b 

6. c 7. a 8. c 9. c 10. a 

11. c 12. b 13. a 14. a 15. c 

16. c 17. c 18. a 19. a 20. a 

21. b 22. c 23. a 24. a 25. c

26. c 27. b 28. a 29. b 30. b

 

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Angolul vagy magyarul követed a nemzetközi híreket?

Angol tanulás online és offline, akárhol vagy bárhol! English-Online.hu :) Nyelvtanulás és szórakozás egy helyen!

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GERMANWINGS LÉGIKATASZTRÓFA.

Még az is lehet, hogy egy lépéssel naprakészebb lehetsz, ha eredeti nyelven olvasod a legfrissebb információkat. A repüléssel kapcsolatos szókincset LILÁVAL, a cikk egyéb, megértést segítő kifejezéseit PIROSSAL, a Germanwings gép részeit SÁRGÁVAL szedve találod a cikk végén.

The co-pilot of the Germanwings flight that crashed in the French Alps, named as Andreas Lubitz, appeared to want to "destroy the plane", officials said.

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He intentionally started a descent while the pilot was locked out.

Mr Robin said there was "absolute silence in the cockpit" as the pilot fought to re-enter it.

He said air traffic controllers made repeated attempts to contact the aircraft, but to no avail. Passengers could be heard screaming just before the crash, he added.

Details are emerging of the German co-pilot's past - although his apparent motives for causing the crash remain a mystery.

Mr Lubitz, 27, had undergone intensive training and "was 100% fit to fly without any caveats", according to Carsten Spohr, the head of Lufthansa, the German carrier that owns Germanwings.

Mr Spohr said Mr Lubitz's training had been interrupted for several months six years ago, but did not say why.

The training was resumed after "the suitability of the candidate was re-established", he said.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel told reporters that the co-pilot's apparent actions had given the tragedy a "new, simply incomprehensible dimension".

Police have been searching the co-pilot's home in Montabaur, near Frankfurt, as well as a flat he kept in Duesseldorf.

The Airbus 320 from Barcelona to Duesseldorf hit a mountain, killing all 144 passengers and six crew, after an eight-minute descent.

 

Andreas Lubitz: Germanwings co-pilot under scrutiny

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  • Started training in 2008, at Bremen and Arizona. Training was interrupted for some months - but he later passed all tests and was deemed fit to fly

  • Working as co-pilot, or first officer, since 2013. Appeared pleased with his job

  • Lived in town of Montabaur, near Frankfurt, reportedly with his parents. Kept a flat in Duesseldorf and had many friends

  • Facebook profile suggests the active lifestyle of a keen runner, with an interest in pop music

"We hear the pilot ask the co-pilot to take control of the plane and we hear at the same time the sound of a seat moving backwards and the sound of a door closing," Mr Robin told reporters.

He said the pilot, named in the German media as Patrick Sondenheimer, had probably gone to the toilet.

"At that moment, the co-pilot is controlling the plane by himself. While he is alone, the co-pilot presses the buttons of the flight monitoring system to put into action the descent of the aeroplane.

"He operated this button for a reason we don't know yet, but it appears that the reason was to destroy this plane."

Meanwhile, online tracking service Flightradar24 said satellite data it had analysed found that someone had changed the plane's altitude from 38,000ft (11,582m) to 100ft - the minimum setting possible.

"Between 09:30:52 and 09:30:55 you can see that the autopilot was manually changed from 38,000ft to 100ft and nine seconds later the aircraft started to descend, probably with the 'open descent' autopilot setting," Flightradar24 chief Fredrik Lindahl was quoted as saying by Reuters.

Mr Lubitz was alive until the final impact, Mr Robin said. The prosecutor added that "the most plausible interpretation" was that the co-pilot had deliberately barred the pilot from re-entering the cockpit.

He added that the co-pilot was "not known by us" to have any links to extremism or terrorism.

 

Analysis: Richard Westcott, BBC transport correspondent

 

The focus now moves from the mechanics to the man flying the plane. An accident expert has told me the investigators will pore over the co-pilot's background and that of his family too.

Did he owe money? Was there a grudge? They'll look at his religion, whether he was in trouble with the law, whether he had a stable love life. This kind of event is rare but it has happened before, although the reasons vary widely.

After 9/11, they made cockpits impregnable. It keeps the terrorists out, but in the end it also allows someone to keep their colleagues out too. Airlines have to make a call. Which is the bigger threat - terrorism or suicide?

Passengers were not aware of the impending crash "until the very last moment" when screams could be heard, Mr Robin said, adding that they died instantly.

After Thursday's revelations, several airlines have pledged to change their rules to ensure at least two crew members are present in the cockpit at all times.

Meanwhile, relatives and friends of the victims travelled to the Alpine region where the plane came down, near the town of Seyne-les-Alpes.

The disclosure of the likely cause of the crash has provoked anger.

"One person can't have the right to end the lives of hundreds of people and families," Esteban Rodriguez, a Spanish factory worker who lost two friends aboard the aircraft, told the Associated Press news agency.

The principal of a German high school that lost 16 pupils and two teachers in the crash said the latest news was "much, much worse than we had thought".

The second "black box" - that records flight data - has still not been found.

 

(Adapted from BBC)

 

REPÜLÉSSEL ÖSSZEFÜGGŐ SZÓKINCS

co-pilot= másodpilóta

flight= járat

plane= repülő

voice-recorder= hangrögzítő

descent= süllyedés

cockpit= pilótafülke

air traffic controllers= légi közlekedés irányítók

aircraft= repülőgép

passengers= utasok

crash= repülőszerencsétlenség, becsapódás

fit to fly= repülésre alkalmas személy

carrier= anyavállalat

the/a crew= legénység, légiutaskísérő(k)

first officer= kapitány

to take control of= átveszi az irányítást vmi felett

seat= ülés

monitoring system= irányító rendszer

tracking= nyomkövető

altitude= magasság

ft=feet= láb, kb.30 cm

autopilot= robotpilóta

to descend= süllyed, ereszkedik

to fly a plane= repülőt vezet

to come down= lezuhan

aboard= a fedélzeten

black box= fekete doboz

 

EGYÉB SZÓKINCS

intentionally= szándékosan

to lock out= kizárni

attempts= kísérlet, megkísérlése valaminek

to no avail= hiába

to emerge= felszínre kerül

apparent= látszólagos, állítólagos

to remain= maradni

to undergo= átesik, keresztülmegy

caveats= fenntartások, kikötések

had been interrupted= megszakadt, megszakították

to resume= folytat

suitability= alkalmasság

to be re-established= rendeződik, megállapítják

incomprehensible= felfoghatatlan

under scrutiny= górcső alatt

training= kiképzés

to pass tests= átmegy a teszteken/vizsgá(lato)kon

to be deemed= valamilyennek ítélték/tekintették

to appear= tűnik vmilyennek

to be pleased with sg= meg van valamivel elégedve

to suggest= sugallni

reportedly= a jelentések szerint

a keen runner= lelkes/intenzív/hobbi futó

by himself= egymaga

to put into action= elindít, működésbe hoz

to destroy= elpusztít, megsemmisít

satellite data= műholdas adatok

manually= manuálisan, kézzel

setting= beállítás

alive= életben,élve

chief= vezető

to quote= idézni

impact= becsapódás

prosecutor= ügyész

the most plausible interpretation= a legelfogadhatóbb értelmezés/magyarázat

deliberately= szánt szándékkal

to bar the pilot from doing sg= megakadályozta a pilótát abban, hogy

extremism= szélsőség

correspondent= tudósító

investigators= nyomozók

to pore over= belemélyed

to owe money= tartozni pénzzel

whether= hogy vajon...-e

the law= a törvény

grudge= neheztelés, harag, bosszú

rare= ritka

to vary= változik, változatos

9/11= September 11, 2001, az amerikai terrortámadás dátuma

impregnable= át/behatolhatatlan

threat= fenyegetés, veszély

suicide= öngyilkosság

to be aware of sg= tudatában van vminek

impending= közelgő, fenyegető

screams= sikolyok

instantly= azonnal

revelations= felfedezések

to pledge= fogadkozik

to ensure= biztosít

victims= áldozatok

disclosure= leleplezés

the likely cause= a valószínű ok

the right to= valamihez való jog

principal= igazgató

pupil= kisdiák

the latest= a legújabb, legfrissebb

 

A GERMANWINGS GÉP RÉSZEI 

livery= logó

fuselage= géptörzs

wheel= kerék

registration= rendszám

stabiliser= vízszintes vezérsík

 

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