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NYELVVIZSGA TÍPUSÚ FELADATOK - Szövegértés - LYUKAS SZÖVEG - GAPFILLING - National Geographic

2016. szeptember 10. - EnglishOnline

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BREAKING NEWS:

Biztosan mindannyian hallottátok már, hogy az ORIGÓ NYELVVIZSGARENDSZER MEGVÁLTOZIK idén novembertől. Szinte minden készséget a régihez képest duplán fognak mérni, azaz az írásbeli és szóbeli szövegértésből is (azaz Reading Comprehension-ből és a Listeningből is) 2-2 feladatot fogtok kapni, Writing-ból, azaz szövegformálásos feladatból is kettő lesz (választható levél + valamilyen jellegű véleménynyilvánítás) és újra két irányba is kell majd fordítani (Közvetítés angolról magyarra - középfokon, illetve magyarról angolra is - felsőfokon). A Speaking rész ellenben ugyanaz maradt: interjú, témakifejtés kép alapján és szituációs szerepjáték/párbeszéd.

Úgyhogy lássunk is hozzá a felkészüléshez! Mára hoztam nektek egy "LYUKAS" SZÖVEGET (Gapfilling), amely egyébként a NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC publikációi között jelent meg és az intőrákok párválasztásáról szól. A feladat pedig a nyelvvizsga által megszabott lesz: Helyezz vissza a megadott 5 elem közül 4-et a szövegben hagyott GAPekbe (rés/szöveglyuk), tehát egy elem felesleges lesz, azt ki kell hagyni. Rajta!

 

Why (Claw) Size Matters

fiddler_crabs.jpg

All around her, guys wave seductively, beckoning her to their beach homes. [1] By the quality of his lodging, the allure of his wave - and, especially the size of his claw.

The female fiddler crab has two small, symmetrical claws; the male has one small and one oversize. "The large claw is all about the initial attraction," says marine biologist Zachary Darnell of Louisiana's Nicholls State University. [2] "Maybe a crab with a large claw relative to his body size , and a bit higher wave than others" - because if he can tote and swing a claw that's up to half his body weight, he's probably a physically fit sire.

After the pair has sex in the beach burrow, the female stays there while her eggs develop; the male goes back to waving and often brings home other females. [3] It's a thermoregulator, as air passing over it seems to dissipate heat and lower body temperature.

A big claw is also the male crab's best weapon: [4] After a few weeks, the pregnant females will emerge from that love lair and head for the waterline, where they'll release their larvae.

fiddler-crab.jpg

(Adapted from National Geographic - author: Patricia Edmonds)

Place the following items back into the text. There is an extra item you will not need.

A- After checking out several males and the love-nest burrows they've dug, a female "will find a male whose claw she really likes," he says.

B- He uses it to fight rivals and keep intruders away from his burrow.

C- When it comes to claws, right-handed attracts the females.

D- How will a female fiddler crab pick a mate?

E- On the hot sand, his claw is more than just a chick magnet, Darell's research has found.

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US STORY: ***** From BRUCE to CAITLYN ***** - A Journey to Courage - The Award Ceremony+GAPS to fill

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As she puts it:

"2015 is gonna be quite a ride, quite a ride..."

"Bruce lives _ lie. SHE is NOT _ lie. I just can’t do it anymore.” (Bruce Jenner) Mi hiányzik az idézetből? Aprócska dolognak tűnhet, de a NÉVELŐK (ARTICLES) helyes használata egy idegen nyelvben még haladó nyelvtanulókon is sokszor kifog. Miközben olvasol, töltsd ki a szenzációs sztori szövegét határozott névelővel (THE), határozatlannal (A/AN), de vigyázz, van úgy, hogy egyáltalán nincs szükség névelőre (-)!

 

bruce.jpg

THE STORY:

Minden idők legjobb amerikai ex-atlétája, az olimpiai tízpróba bajnok Bruce már mint Caitlyn Jenner vehette át júliusban a kiemelkedő teljesítményt nyújtó sportolóknak járó ESPY tiszteletbeli Bátorság Díját a Los Angeles-i díjátadón. 65 év megpróbáltatásai után Bruce végül őszintén feltárta családja és a nyilvánosság előtt az egész világot sokkoló tényt: egészen kisgyermekkora óta mindig is a női nemmel azonosult, titokban női ruhákba bújt, amikor sem az akkori felesége, sem a gyerekei nem látták, mi több, szembesítette szeretteit azzal, hogy valójában idegenként élte le saját testében élete legjavát. Néhány hónappal ezelőttig képtelen volt megosztani bárkivel élete legnagyobb dilemmáját, őrlődéseit és titkolózását, beleértve a legközelebbi hozzátartozóit is, amikor is végül beavatta családját a végső és visszafordíthatatlan elhatározásába: most már önmagaként akarja leélni hátralevő életét, amihez transzszexuális átalakító műtéten kíván átesni. Az operáció óta Caitlyn először boldog, a közvélemény szerint igazán vonzó nő és a legkritikusabb időszakon túljutott családja bevallása alapján most sokkal jobb szülő, kiegyensúlyozottabb és boldogabb ember lett. Jelenleg napi életébe enged bepillantást új valóságshow-ja, az I AM CAIT.

A kitöltendő eredeti brit újságcikk az ESPY Díjátadóról szól, amire múlt hónapban került sor.

Segítő szószedetet a cikk végén találsz :)

Kellemes angolozást!

 

bruce8.jpg

CAITLYN JENNER SPEAKS FROM THE HEART DURNIG AN EMOTIONAL EVENING ABOUT FINDING THE COURAGE TO BE HERSELF

 

Watched by her family, Caitlyn Jenner looked both proud and emotional as she accepted ___(1) Arthur Ashe Courage Award at the Excellence in ___(2) Sports Performance Yearly Awards in Los Angeles.

Making her first public appearance since announcing in ___(3) interview on US TV in April that she was making the transition from male to female, the 65-year-old former athlete, who won ___(4) gold medal as Bruce Jenner in the men's decathlon in ___(5) 1976 Montreal Olympics, received a standing ovation after a rousing acceptance speech in which she thanked her family and highlighted the challenges faced by ___(6) transgender people.

bruce1.png

Speaking before ___(7) ceremony, Caitlyn's 31-year-old son Brody, from Bruce's second marriage, to songwriter and former actress Linda Thomson, talked exclusively about overwhelming support Caitlyn has received since changing gender.

"None of us knew what was going to happen," he said. "All ___(8) family has 100 per cent supported Caitlyn and said, 'Go for it.' So I hoped for that and was blown away by the amount of support that was out there. It has been pretty inspirational to watch."

bruce12.jpg

Brody knew about ___(9) planned transition as far back as 2012.

"You could just tell Bruce had some secrets. Obviously, I couldn't tell how deep those secrets were, what Bruce was really hiding, but when my mother told me, about three years ago, I think ___(10) first thing I said was, 'I need ___(11) drink'. And so I knew for years before Bruce decided to tell me. In that type of situation, you want the person who is going through the struggle to come out and you don't want to bring it up with them, so I waited.

"I felt very relieved for Caitlyn  when she told me because I knew it was ___(12) secret that she had been harbouring for ___(13) very long time.

bruce5.jpg

WONDER WOMAN

When the announcement was made in early June that Caitlyn was to be honoured with an award, she had tweeted: "What ___(14) hell am I going to wear? On the night, looking elegant in ___(15) white Atelier Versace silk gown, she began her ten-minute speech on a light-hearted note.

"It seems like every time I turn around in ___(16) life, I'm putting myself in these high-pressure situations," she said. "But I've never felt more pressured than I ever have felt in my life than over the last couple of months. Picking out this outfit - okay, girls I get it! You've got to get the shoes, the hair, the make-up, ___(17) whole process. It was exhausting. And next, the fashion police - please be kind on me, I'm new at this."

bruce3.jpg

Sitting in the audience were Caitlyn's sister Pam, her mother Esther and her six children - son Burton and daughter Cassandra from Bruce's first marriage to Chrystie Scott, who was also present; son Brody and his brother Brandon; and daughters Kendall and Kylie from Bruce's third marriage to Kris Kardashian.

Kris was also in the audience, as were her older daughters Kourtney, Kim said by Caitlyn to have been ___(18) most accepting of her transition - and Khloé Kardashian, who is said to have taken the news of her stepfather's transition the hardest. Their brother Rob wasn't there.

bruce6.jpg

It was while thanking her family that Caitlyn - whose new reality TV show, ___(19) I am Cait, starts this weekend on E! - became tearful.

"Here comes ___(20) tough part," she said. "I'd like to thank my family. Now, the biggest fear I've always had in coming out was I never wanted to hurt anyone else, most of all my family and my kids. I always wanted my children to be so proud of their dad because of what he was able to accomplish in his life. You guys have given so much back to me. You've given me so much support. I am so, so grateful to have all of you in my life. Thank you."

bruce9.jpg

Caitlyn's children have been supportive throughout her journey. On Father's Day, Kendall posted ___(21) photo on Instagram of herself as a toddler with Bruce, captioning it: " Happy Father's Day to ___(22) person who raised me, and taught me everything I know, my hero." She later praised Caitlyn's bravery in surprising the world as Vanity Fair's July cover girl and tweeted: "Be free now, pretty bird."

Kim, who met Caitlyn for the first time at the Vanity Fair photoshoot, said of her shortly afterwards: "She's beautiful and I'm so proud that she can just be her authentic self. I guess That's what ___(23) life is about."

Esther, who also supported Bruce's transition to Caitlyn, received a special mention in the speech. "You know I have always thought that I got my courage and my determination from my dad..., said Caitlyn. "But you know what I'm realising now Mom? I think I got all those qualities from you."

bruce11.jpg

CALL TO ARMS

The main thrust of Caitlyn's speech, though, was to rally support for the transgender community. Bruce had made his first transition attempt in ___(24) late 1980s, when he took hormones, but abandoned treatment over concerns about his family before pursuing it again after his third marriage ended in 2013. Describing the process as "eye opening, inspiring but also frightening", Caitlyn laid out in stark terms the dangers young trans people face today.

"They are getting bullied, they're getting beaten up, they're getting murdered and they're committing suicide.," she said, adding later: "If you want to call me names, make jokes, doubt my intentions, go ahead, because ___(25) reality is I can take it. But for the thousands of kids out there coming to terms with being true to who they are, shouldn't have to take it."

bruce14.jpg

Want to know more?

Watch Caitlyn's Courage Award Acceptance Speech

Watch Jenner's Final Interview as Bruce

Watch Bruce Reveal His Transitioning to His Family

Watch How the Family Accepts the Truth

Watch Reality Show I Am Cait Trailer

 

GLOSSARY AID KIT:

herself=önmaga (nőként)

courage=bátorság

proud=büszke

emotional=elérzékenyült

to accept=elfogad, átvesz (díjat)

award=díj

excellence=kiválóság

public appearance=nyilvános szereplés

to announce=bejelent

transition=ellenkező neművé alakító operáció

decathlon=tízpróba

rousing acceptance speech=lelkesítő díjátvételi beszéd

to highlight=kiemel, hangsúlyoz

challenge=kihívás

transgender=transzszexuális

ceremony=ünnepség

overwhelming=túláradó

support=támogatás, segítség

gender=nem

be blown away=el van kápráztatva

amount=(itt) mértéke vminek

you could just tell=egyszerűen lehetett tudni/érezni

to hide=rejteget

struggle=küzdelem, küszködés

to come out=felfedni magát, napvilágra hozni vmit

to bring sg up=felhozni, előhozakodni valamivel

secret=titok

to harbour=rejteget

relieved=megkönnyebbült

announcement=publikus kinyilvánítás, kihirdetés

to be honoured=megtiszteltetés éri

silk gown=selyem estélyi ruha

speech=beszéd

on a light-hearted note=emelkedett szívvel/hangulatban

pressure=nyomás

outfit=öltözék, szerelés

process=folyamat

exhausting=kimerítő

be kind on me=bánjatok finoman/kedvesen velem

I'm new at this=újonc/tapasztalatlan vagyok ebben/ezen a területen

audience=közönség

accepting=elfogadó

to take sg the hardest=a legnehezebben visel vmit

tearful=könnyes

reality show=valóságshow

stepfather=mostoha apa

tough=kemény, durva, nehéz

to accomplish=elérni valamit

supportive=segítőkész, támogató

throughout=mindvégig keresztül valamin

journey=út, utazás

toddler=totyogó baba

to caption=képet elnevez/leír, képleírást csatol

to raise sy=felnevel

to praise=méltat, dícsér

bravery=courage=bátorság

Vanity Fair=Hiúság Vására (magazin)

cover girl=címlaplány

photoshoot=fotózás

authentic self=igazi, valódi énje vkinek

I guess=úgy gondolom

that's what life is about=erről szól az élet

mention=említés

determination=eltökéltség

to realise=rádöbben

qualities=belső értékek, jó tulajdonságok

thrust=lökés

to rally=feléleszt, gyűjt

attempt=kísérlet, próbálkozás

to abandon=felhagy vmivel

treatment=kezelés

over family concerns=családi okok/aggodalmak miatt

to pursue=folytat

laid out in stark terms=szépítés nélkül nevén nevezte a dolgokat

to face=szembenéz

to get bullied=bántalmazzák

to get murdered=meggyilkolják

to commit suicide=öngyilkosságot követ el

to add=hozzátenni

to call sy names=szidni, csúnya szavakkal illetni vkit

to make jokes=viccelődik, gúnyolódik

to doubt=kételkedik

intention=szándék

go ahead=csak rajta, mindent bele

I can take it=én elviselem, eltűröm

to come to terms with sg=megbékél, elfogad vmit

 

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ANGOL NYELVVIZSGA TRÉNING: TRUE-FALSE szövegértés feladat ANGELINA JOLIE-val!

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Hailed an inspiration for her brave decision

ANGELINA JOLIE reveals she has had further surgery to

beat the cancer that claimed her mother's life

A nemzetközi sajtó tele van Angelina legutóbbi műtétjével, melynek tanulságos részleteit a New York Timesban is felfedte, hogy eljusson üzenete a vele hasonló rákkal szembenéző nőkhöz.

Egyszerűen nem találni olyan nyelvvizsgát, amelynek ne volna szövegértés része, ráadásul eléggé súlyozottan is szerepel ez a típusú feladat a nyelvvizsgán. Az english-online.blog.hu-n olyan cikkeket dolgozok fel neked, ami téged is jobban érdekel és tele van vele a média. Olvasd el a cikket és próbáld először az IGAZ/HAMIS állításos feladatot megoldani a cikk végén. Ha gondot okozott egy-két idegen szó, csak ezek után nézd meg a szószedetet.

A FELADATOT A LENTI KÉPRE VAGY IDE KATTINTVA INTERAKTÍVAN IS MEGOLDHATOD ONLINE!!

 

Angelina Jolie has revealed that she has endured a second round of surgery in a bid to prevent cancer - and her decision to speak out once again about her personal medical history has been praised by experts as helping to save lives.

angelina.jpg

Last week, an article written by the Oscar-winning star appeared in The New York Times, in which she explained that she has had her ovaries and fallopian tubes removed to avoid developing ovarian cancer - and as a result, she is undergoing the menopause and will not be able to have any more children.

Doctors were quick to salute her for the article, saying it would help focus attention on ovarian cancer.

Gynaecological oncologist Dr Antoinette Sakaris said: "Ovarian cancer is less well known (than breast cancer) and less commented on. Improving that is crucial. I think this could save lives.

Two years ago, Angelina, who has six children with husband Brad Pitt - three of whom were adopted - underwent a double mastectomy after discovering that she has the BRCA1 gene fault that greatly increases the chances of contracting breast and ovarian cancer. She lost her mother, aunt and grandmother to the disease.

In her New York Times piece, headlined Angelina Jolie Pitt: Diary of a Surgery, the 39-year-old actress and film-maker revealed that she has always planned to have her ovaries and fallopian tubes removed after her mastectomy, but because the surgery has such severe effect on a woman's body, she had hoped to have more time to plan for the operation.

Unfortunately, she heard in early March that an annual blood test has showed up markers that can indicate early signs of cancer - leaving Angelina with an anxious five-day wait to learn whether she had already developed the disease.

"I went through what I imagine thousands of other women have felt," she wrote. "I told myself to stay calm, to be strong and that I had no reason to think I wouldn't live to see my children grow up and to meet my grandchildren".

maleficent.jpg

BRAD BY HER SIDE

Luckily, she had stong support. "I called my husband in France, who was on a plane within hours. The beautiful thing about such moments in life is that there is so much clarity. You know what you live for and what matters."

She said that it was hard to carry on as she waited for the results of further tests. "I passed those five days in a haze, attending my children (Zahara and Shiloh)'s soccer game, and working to stay calm and focused.

After being told the happy news that she was cancer free, Angelina decided to undergo the next stage of her surgery immediately. "Regardless of the hormone replacements I'm taking, I am now in menopause," she revealed. "I will not be able to have any more children and I expect some physical changes. But I feel at ease...it is nothing to be feared. 

After revealing her double mastectomy in 2013, the actress was praised by medical experts for putting the spotlight on preventative cancer surgery, helping other women with gene faults to make this difficult decision. But last week, Angelina took pains to ensure that readers knew there were other options to surgery.

angelinamother.jpg

"I did not do this solely because I carry the BRCA1 gene mutation and I want other women to know this," she said. "A positive BRCA test does not mean a leap to surgery. There are other options...In my case, the doctors I met agreed that surgery was the best option, because on top of the BRCA gene, three women in my family died from cancer."

She added that the surgery did not guarantee that she would never develop cancer. "It is not possible to remove all risk, and the fact is I remain prone to cancer. I will look for natural ways to strengthen my immune system. I feel feminine, and grounded in the choices I am making for myself and my family. I know my children will never have to say, 'My mom died of ovarian cancer.'"

(Adapted from the British Press)

 

Read the article about Angelina Jolie and mark the statements TRUE (T) of FALSE (F).

 

1. Angelina has had another surgery because the first one wasn't successful.

2. Doctors aren't happy to learn that Angelina breaks medical secrecy about her state of health.

3. The actress has had an operation because she wants no more children.

4. The gynaecological expert remarked that breast cancer is better known than ovarian cancer, which should be different.

5. Angelina has never been able to give birth so her husband Brad Pitt and she decided to adopt six children.

6. Three of Angelina's family members died of ovarian cancer.

7. Angelina appreciates that she has a husband whose first priority is obviously his family.

8. Angelina was absolutely unable to take part in any events as she was too worried waiting for her medical test results.

9. Angelina is now relieved that she knows she no longer has to live in fear of getting cancer.

10. As Angelina puts it, preventative cancer surgery means that you undergo an operation because you have no choice.

 

GLOSSARY:

to hail= eláraszt, rázúdít

brave= bátor

to beat= legyőz

to claim= követel

to endure= kiáll, elszenved

in a bid to= valami megkísérlésére

to praise= dícsér

ovaries= petefészek

fallopian tubes= petevezetékek

ovarian cancer= petefészekrák

to undergo= keresztülmegy

menopause= klimax

to salute= üdvözöl, tiszteleg

gynaecological oncologist= nőgyógyász onkológus (rákspecialista)

well-known= ismert

to improve that= javítani ezen

crucial= létfontosságú, kritikusan fontos

double mastectomy= mindkét mell eltávolítása

gene fault= hibás gén

to increase= növekszik

annual blood test= éves véreredmény

marker= jel

to indicate= mutat, jelez

to contract= betegséget megkap

headlined= főcímmel

diary= napló

to reveal= felfed, feltár, elmond

to remove= eltávolít

severe= komoly, súlyos

cancer= rák

to develop= kifejlődik benne

disease= betegség

reason= ok, indok

support= támogatás, segítség

within hours= pár órán belül

clarity= világosság, egyértelműség

to matter= számít

to carry on= kitart

results of further tests= további vizsgálatok eredményei

to pass= sikerülnek a vizsgálatok, pozitív eredményeket kap  

haze= szellemi zűrzavar, homály 

to attend= elmegy eseményre, részt vesz

soccer= foci

the next stage= a következő szint, lépés

surgery= operáció 

immediately= azonnal

regardless of= tekintet nélkül vmire

replacements= pótló tabletták

to take= szed gyógyszert 

I feel at ease= megkönnyebbültem

it is nothing to be feared= ettől nem kell/nincs miért tartanom

spotlight= reflektorfény

preventative= megelőző

make a decision= döntést hoz

take pains to ensure= veszi a fáradságot/azon fáradozik, hogy megbizonyosodjon róla

solely= csupán, mindössze

to carry= hordoz

gene muatation= gén mutáció

a leap to= ugrás valahová

on top of sg= ráadásul vmire/nem elég, hogy... még...is

to add= hozzátesz

to guarantee= garantál

risk= kockázat

remain prone to= hajlamos marad

to strengthen= megerősít

immune system= immunrendszer

feminine= nőies

grounded= bizonyos, biztos, szilárd, megfontolt, megalapozott

 

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